آخرین ویرایش در 8 مرداد 1400 ، نویسنده : MohammadRashid
In this article, we will talk about the methods of obtaining the Blue Card and the conditions for obtaining it in the European Union, so keep reading this article.
About the Blue Card
Many people want to find a job in the European Union countries, if you apply for a job in these countries, you must have heard the word Blue Card, in this article we want to provide you with information about a blue card, its terms and conditions, all the related questions, let’s get to know it.
The Blue Card is a work permit from the European Union issued by 25 out of 28 countries for eligible non-EU citizens. In addition to economic and social rights, a blue card is a way to stay permanently in Europe, but the path to obtaining a blue card can vary depending on the applicant’s country of origin. In fact, the EU Blue Card is a residence permit for qualified foreign citizens residing to work in an EU country. The blue card allows its holder to enter and reside in one of the European Union countries to work. This card facilitates the entry of skilled foreign workers into the European Union.
The holder of the EU Blue Card enjoys the same rights as a citizen of the member country of residence. However, they only have the right to work in the country. If a citizen of a third country holds an EU blue card, he can apply to work in another EU country after 18 months of regular work. He must notify the authorities within one month of his arrival.
Note that Denmark, Ireland, and the United Kingdom do not comply with this law and are not members of this law.
List of EU member countries that issue Blue Cards
Austria. Belgium. Bulgaria. Croatia. Cyprus. Czech Republic. Estonia. Finland. France. Germany. Greece. Hungary. Italy. Latvia. Lithuania. Luxembourg. Malta. Holland. Poland. Portugal. Romania. Slovakia. Slovenia. Spain. Sweden
The countries in the European Union, which do not issue the Blue Card are members of the European Free Trade Association:
Norway. Liechtenstein. Iceland. Switzerland
Eligibility criteria for the European Union Blue Card
The applicant must meet the following conditions when applying for the Blue Card:
- Holds a master’s degree or equivalent
- Practical experience of at least 5 years in the field of specialization
- You have at least one year of employment contract or a job offer for highly skilled jobs.
- Find out the minimum wage in the European Union country where you want to work.
- The blue card holder has three months to find another job during the first three years if he/she loses his job. Or he will have to leave the country.
- For regulated professions: Evidence of non-compliance with national legal requirements.
Benefits of the Blue Card
- Equal work conditions and salary
- Freedom of movement throughout the European Union
- Social rights, including education, and economic, cultural, human and health rights
- Family reunification
- Permanent residency rights
- All benefits, except for housing, loans and grants, are offered to holders of the European Union Blue Card
- EU card holders are allowed to return to their countries of origin or other countries outside the European Union for a maximum of 12 consecutive months without losing ownership of the EU Blue Card
- After 33 months of work in the first host country or 21 months if you have knowledge at B1 level, you can apply for a permanent residence permit.
The EU Blue Card application process
The application process for an EU Blue Card varies from country to country. In general, the steps to apply for a Blue Card are as follows:
- Check if you need a blue card.
- Fill out the application form and make sure all questions are answered.
- Download and print your Form.
- Confirm the request and read and sign the blue card application exclusion.
- Send your form to your employer so they can verify your identity and sign your application form.
- Pay for your order online.
- Submit your request.
Request for a European Union Blue Card
The maximum processing time for issuing an EU Blue Card is 90 days. The standard period for which a Blue Card is valid is three years. If your employment contract is extended, you can renew the EU Blue Card accordingly. If your employment contract is valid for more than one year, but less than three years, then an EU Blue Card will be issued for that period (i.e. 30 months).
After the expiration date of the EU Blue Card, in the event of a change, you will be given another 3 months to give you enough time to be able to renew or find another job. If you apply for an extension to an EU Blue Card, you will need to make a copy of your previous EU Blue Card. While processing your application, which may take up to 90 days, you will be allowed to work legally and reside in the host country.
The documents required to obtain the Blue Card
The documents required to obtain an EU Blue Card are as follows:
- Application form. This form must be filled out by you or the employer with truthful and correct information. Print the form twice and sign both copies at the end.
- passport. Valid for at least another 15 months from the date you plan to leave the European Union. You must have at least two blank pages to be able to add a visa.
- A copy of the important passport pages. The first pages that contain your details and the pages that contain your visas and stamps.
- Previous passports. If you have old passports, you must send them as well. If you have more than one old passport, attach it as well.
- Two identical photos that meet ICAO standards. Photos must be taken in color, against a plain white background and within the past 3 months.
- An employment contract with an employer in the European Union who is based in the country in which you want to work in. It must be signed by all interested parties. It must be valid for at least one year and meet the required minimum wage.
- Proof of professional level. University degree is required as evidence of professional level. You also need proof of 5 years of professional experience in your field.
- If a regulated profession exists, the certificate obtained must be presented.
- Updated CV.
- Proof of payment of the program.
- Proof of health insurance.
- Prove that your salary as a host is 1.5 times or 1.2 times in proportion to the professions that are deficient.
- Written declaration from your employer. This is a document written by the employer explaining the reasons for your work and the benefits obtained from doing so. As a sponsor, it is sufficient to write a statement showing that the employee meets all the requirements of the employer.
- Demonstrate that there is no threat to the public, security, or health policies of the host government.
Reasons for getting rejected
Your request for a Blue Card may be rejected based on one or more of the following reasons:
- You did not meet the eligibility criteria.
- Your request is based on incorrect information.
- Pose a threat to European Union public policy, public security or public health.
- Any EU citizen, worker or non-EU citizen can fill in the vacancy.
- The employer was found guilty of indirectly employing unregistered immigrants.
- Your home country lacks qualified workers in your field.
How can my family join me in applying for an EU Blue Card?
It depends on whether your family applied with you at the same time. You can add it to your program if you request it at the same time. Otherwise, they can fill out their form.
How can I find a job vacancy in the European Union?
You or the employer must send an application for an EU Blue Card to the relevant national authorities in the country in which you wish to work. Depending on the laws of that country, you may have to pay an application fee.
European employers use various services and communication tools to post job vacancies. They can place job ads directly on their website or use other channels: public employment services, private recruitment agencies, private sites and publications, universities, and more.
Blue Card Fee
You will usually have to pay a certain fee when requesting or renewing your Blue Card.
There is no need to pay in the following cases:
- Volunteer (also does not work in the children’s field with a salary)
- Intern student
- Exemption card applicant.
The cost of warning or renewing the card
If your card is lost or stolen, you must apply for a new card. Volunteers and students are no exception.
If you lose your card and change your contact information after requesting it and not notifying the relevant authorities, you will have to pay the warning fee.
A replacement card costs $ 13.92.
In order to immigrate and obtain the European Blue Card and to get more information about its conditions and procedures, it is necessary to ask for help from a specialist to perform all the steps in the best way possible.
Our suggestion for you is that if you want to immigrate to Europe and get a blue card or have any questions in this field, contact our consultants at GO2TR so that they can give you the best advice after a professional review of your situation.